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Can trade agreements among small countries create trade?

Freckleton, Marie and Whitely, Patrice

Patrice Norma Whitely

International Journal of Development Issues

2020

2

19

Trinidad & Tobago ; Suriname ; Guyana ; International Trade ; Agriculture ; Panel Data ; Developing Countries–Ldcs ; Efficiency ; Trade Agreements ; Trade Agreements ; Gross National Product–GNP ; Global Economy ; Endowment ; Tariffs ; International Trade ; Gross Domestic Product–GDP

205–216

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine the effects of a regional trade agreement among a group of small island developing states on trade creation and trade diversion.Design/methodology/approach An augmented gravity model and panel data are used to estimate the trade creation and trade diversion effects. The generalized method of moments technique is used to account for possible endogeneity. Country pair and time fixed effects are also included.Findings The regional trade agreement had a positive effect on intra-regional trade creation, but there was no significant diversion of imports from extra-regional trade partners.Practical implications Small developing economies can benefit from regional trade agreements (RTAs) among themselves. The trade diversion effects of such agreements are likely to be limited.Originality/value To the best of authors’ knowledge, this is the only paper which investigates the impact of RTAs among small island developing states.

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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